Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Symbols in the Glass Menagerie - 1307 Words

In the play, The Glass Menagerie, by Tennessee Williams, Williams uses many symbols which represent many different things.?Many of the symbols used in the play try to symbolize some form of escape or difference between reality and illusion.?The first symbol, presented in the first scene, is the fire escape.?This represents the bridge between the illusory world of the Wingfields and the world of reality.?This bridge seems to be a one way excursion.?But the direction varies for each character.?For Tom, the fire escape is the way out of the world of Amanda and Laura and an entrance into a world of new dimensions.?For Laura, the fire escape is a way into her own world. A way to escape from reality.?Amanda perceives the fire escape as a way†¦show more content†¦Dont you think I know it? Im so proud! Happy and - I feel Ive - so much to be thankful for (p. 414).?Amanda has two fears in her life.?One of her worst fears is having Tom grow up to be his father. Promise, son, youll - ne ver be a drunkard! (p. 414).?When I see you taking after his ways! Staying out late - and - well, you had been drinking the night you were in that - terrifying condition (p. 415).?Amandas other fear in life is having Laura grow old without a gentleman caller.?We have to be making plans and provisions for her. She just drifts along doing nothing. It frightens me terribly how she just drifts along (p. 416).?Tom suggested to Amanda that Laura just might be what people call home girls but Amanda refuses to believe it.?Theres no such type, and if there is, its a pity! That is unless the home is hers, with a husband (p. 416).?Therefore, Amanda sees the fire escape as a way to escape her own problems and invite gentlemen callers into their lives for Laura.? à  Ã‚ ®?Laura has issues of her own and she also finds the need to escape them. Laura leads a life of simplicity and has a difficult time dealing with the outside world.?I put her in business college - a dismal failure! Frightened her so it made her sick to her stomach. I took her over toShow MoreRelated Essay on the Use of Symbols, Tensions, and Irony in The Glass Menagerie891 Words   |  4 PagesUse of Symbols, Tensions, and Irony in The Glass Menagerie      Ã‚  Ã‚   The Glass Menagerie, by Tennessee Williams, is a perfect example of how Williams incorporates symbols, tensions, and irony to help express the central theme of the play.      Ã‚  Ã‚   One of the most dominant symbols in the play is the fire escape.   It represents something different for each of the characters.   Tom uses the fire escape to escape from his cramped apartment and nagging mother.   Therefore, the fire escape symbolizesRead MoreImportant Symbols and Themes of The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams7390 Words   |  30 PagesImportant Symbols and Themes of The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams Tennessee Williams play, The Glass Menagerie is considered a memory play because it is told from the memory of the narrator. The narrator, who is also a character, is Tom Wingfield, the youngest member of the Wingfield family. The other characters are Amanda Wingfield, his mother; Laura Wingfield, his older sister; and Jim OConnor the gentleman caller. A fifth character is represented by the photograph Read More Three Important Symbols in The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams1429 Words   |  6 PagesThree Important Symbols in The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   In Tennessee Williams The Glass Menagerie, the narrator is used to reveal elements of Williams own life as a victim of the Depression in the 1930s. Williams does this through his eloquent use of symbolism. Three symbols seem to reveal Williams intent especially accurately; the unicorn, the picture of Mr. Wingfield, and Malvolios coffin trick.      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   The unicorn is a symbolic representation of waysRead More The Importance of Symbolism in The Glass Menagerie Essay1609 Words   |  7 PagesThe Importance of Symbolism in The Glass Menagerie  Ã‚      Tom Wingfield is the narrator and a major character in Tennessee William’s timeless play, The Glass Menagerie. Through the eyes of Tom, the viewer gets a glance into the life of his family in the pre-war depression era; his mother, a Southern belle desperately clinging to the past; his sister, a woman too fragile to function in society; and himself, a struggling, young poet working at a warehouse to pay the bills. Williams has managedRead More Essay on the Symbolism of the Menagerie in The Glass Menagerie1002 Words   |  5 PagesThe Symbolism of the Menagerie in The Glass Menagerie      Ã‚   Tennessee Williams play, The Glass Menagerie, describes three separate characters, their dreams, and the harsh realities they face in a modern world.   The Glass Menagerie exposes the lost dreams of a southern family and their desperate struggle to escape reality. Williams use of symbols adds depth to the play. The glass menagerie itself is a symbol Williams uses to represent the broken lives of Amanda, Laura and Tom Wingfield andRead MoreSymbolism In The Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams822 Words   |  4 Pages A play based on the power of memory, The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams is a story told from Tom Wingfield’s point of view and depicts Laura’s imaginary world, a place where she can retreat and escape the reality of the present, and live in a â€Å"perfect† world. Laura’s memories from the past shape her personality, such as the name, â€Å"Blue Roses,† which illustrates her fragile nature, much like the fragility of the glass menagerie. In order to symbolize Laura Wingfield’s fragile behavior dueRead More The Glass Menagerie Essay685 Words   |  3 PagesThe Glass Menagerie Symbolism is a major aspect in Tennessee Williams famous play, The Glass Menagerie. On the surface, the short slice of life story seems to be simple. However, if the reader digs deeper they will find that there are several symbols that give the play a deeper meaning. Each character defines each symbol in a different way. There are some very noticeable symbols that can be analyzed when studying The Glass Menagerie. The first is the actual glass menagerie that representsRead MoreThe Glass Menagerie Symbolism Essay1424 Words   |  6 PagesImagination or Illusion Can Create Big Trouble The Glass Menagerie is a five-character memory play written by Tennessee Williams in 1945. The play is introduced to the audience by Tom, the narrator and protagonist, as a memory play based on his recollection of his mother Amanda, his sister Laura, and his friend Jim O’Connor as a gentleman caller. There is a fifth character in the play, Tom’s father who doesn’t appear except in the photograph frame. Among them one of the most interesting charactersRead MoreEssay Crushed Dreams in The Glass Menagerie1194 Words   |  5 PagesDreams in The Glass Menagerie      Ã‚  Ã‚   Tennessee Williams is known for his use of symbols, tension, and irony. Williams uses all of these components to express the central theme of The Glass Menagerie - hope followed by despair. Each of the characters has dreams that are destroyed by the harsh realities of the world.      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   As the narrator blatantly admits, since I have a poets weakness for symbols, symbols are central to The Glass Menagerie (Williams 30). Symbols are merely concreteRead MoreSymbolism in the Glass Menagerie Essay831 Words   |  4 PagesSymbolism in The Glass Menagerie Symbolism plays a fundamental part in Tennessee Williams’s play, â€Å"The Glass Menagerie†. Examples of the use of symbolism include the fire escape, as an escape from the family, the phonograph, as an escape from reality, the unicorn, as a symbol for Lauras uniqueness and the father’s photograph, representing something different to each character. Through recognition of these symbols, a greater understanding of the play’s theme is achieved. Throughout

Friday, May 15, 2020

Teen Suicide - 1109 Words

Each year, one out of thirteen teens age nineteen and under attempts suicide (Preface). Personally, that is more than enough teens choosing to take their lives each year. It isn’t really easy to figure out why some teens choose to take their lives. Suicide is a multi-faceted issue, sometimes an act of courage, sometimes an act of selfishness, sometimes a brave choice in the face of pain, and sometimes an act of fondness. It is important to understand why some choose to take their lives and some ways that in school and out of school we as individuals are able to help those in need. According to the author of the book Suicide Among Gifted Children and Adolescents Tracy Cross; suicide is both visible and able to be averted. Sometimes when†¦show more content†¦Like the 16 years old teenager I was at that moment the first thing I do is grab my phone. As I go on Instagram I see a post about a familiar person that I usually see around school and have had interactions with once or twice. I sit up on the bed to read the description that states â€Å"Rip to one of our falcons†. After reading the post I still felt as though it wasn’t true. I continued to go down my feed and I saw the second post about it and a third one. I contacted one of my friends to see if it was true and she told me that the boy committed suicide. I’ve never felt so bad and such anger towards someone dying. This boy had a whole life ahead of him; he was a freshman in varsity football, he was taking honors classes, and everyone knew him as a great person. I was so in sho ck that tears started to fall down my cheeks. I wonder the whole day why would he choose to take his own life? What could we have done to prevent him from committing suicide? A few days later one of his close friend that was like a brother to him also took his own life. I was out of words, everyone in the county was showing their love and saying things like â€Å"I’ll be sure to keep their families in my prayers† nothing made me angrier. No one really thought that those two guys would be the type to take their lives away. It’s always the people that we don’t think would choose to take their life ends up doing it. Everyone is wondering what they could’ve done to stop them from committingShow MoreRelatedTeen Suicide And Suicide1145 Words   |  5 Pagesthem? Today suicide is one of the most prevalent causes of death for teenagers in the United states. The suicide rates for teens are astronomical. Writer Stephanie Pappas mentions teen suicide rates in her article Suicide: Statistics, Warning Signs and Prevention. In the article, Pappas writes â€Å"In 2015, suicide was the second leading cause of death in people 15 to 34 years of age and third leading cause of death in children aged 10 to 14, according to the CDC.’’ (Stephanie Pappas, Suicide: StatisticsRead MoreTeen Suicide1182 Words   |  5 Pagesexperiencing loneliness, happiness and unconditional love. If life should be cherished why end it so soon? Suicide the most common way to get out of any hard situation that life throws at you. What exactly is the meaning of the word suicide? Well suicide is the act or an instance of taking ones own life voluntarily and intentionally especially by a person of years of discretion and of sound mind. Teens end their life so soon for number of reasons, like depression from a bad relationship, family problemsRead MoreTeen Suicide And Teenage Suicide1357 Words   |  6 Pagestake a more proactive step to prevent teen suicide by giving their students and staff more of an education. For example the Ontario Shores Mental Health Science wants schools to be more aware also; â€Å"Last week the Durham school boards announced a new curriculum to teach teachers about mental illness in youth, funded by the Ontario Shores Centre for Mental Health Sciences in Whitby.† ( Scallan and Chantaie). A town in Ontario brought this issue of teen suicide up to the school board. The school boardRead MoreTeen Suicide And Teenage Suicide1371 Words   |  6 PagesGutierrez Concepcion Gutierrez-Yanez Mrs. Gallos English 3 Honors April 6, 2017 Teen Suicide Brandy Vela, an eighteen-year-old high school student, committed suicide right in front of her family. Due to all the bullying over her weight, and especially in social media, she pulled the trigger and ended her life. It is said that her sister had heard a noisy disturbance and when she went upstairs to her sister’s room, she found Vela holding a gun pointing at her chest. â€Å"She is just crying and cryingRead MoreThe Issue Of Teen Suicide1715 Words   |  7 Pagescommit suicide? What’s the first thing you would do? Scream? Cry? Help? Many people wish they had helped their friend after they commit suicide. Being the victim is scary, being the witness is scarier, and being the bystander is the scariest. Suicide has been a problem for a very long time. It can be caused by stress,anxiety, bullying, and mental illnesses. Teen suicide is a huge problem because there are so many situations that can stress you out and just make you give up, especially as a teen. AlmostRead MoreAn Essay on Teen Suicide798 Words   |  4 PagesTeen suicide My essay is on teen suicide there are a lot of suicides that happen in the U.S they are caused from being bullied also it can caused by being depressed. There is also a high increase of suicides for people who take antidepressants. All this information is true based on the sites below. 1) http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/health/September-October-08/Teen-Suicide-Rate-Worries-Mental-Health-Experts.html 2) http://articles.latimes.com/2013/oct/20/nation/la-na-nn-funeral-illinois-teen-suicide-bullying-20131020Read MoreTeen Suicide Essay605 Words   |  3 PagesDaneshia Alberty Campbell EnglishIII-7 11 February, 2011 Teen Suicide Essay Teen suicide is one of the fastest killers for young teenagers. Every year thousands of teens die in the United States. There are many different reasons of why young teens commit suicide. Family issues, low self-esteem, and bullying are three of the many leading factors towards suicide for teens. Problems at home can cause a teenager to take their lives. Abuse in the home of the teenager can most often establish aRead MoreThe Problem Of Teen Suicide1609 Words   |  7 PagesTeen suicide is one of the largest problems facing America at the moment, and it will only become worse if the country does not come up with a solution. â€Å"According to the American Psychiatric Association, suicide is the third leading cause of death for young people between eleven and eighteen years of age (Teen Suicide).† American families can not keep losing sons and daughters to this entirely preventable epidemic. The largest issue with teen suicide is that Americans are using largely outdatedRead MoreTeen Suicide Essay881 Words   |  4 PagesTeen Suicide Suicide is a growing problem in American culture. Sadly, teens are affected the most. Teen suicide is increasing rapidly. â€Å"About 5,000 teens in the United States kill themselves each year† (Peacock, 4). Suicide among teens is a serious and devastating crisis. More teens are taking their lives today than ever before. Teen suicide does not affect one specific type of teen; it affects any type of teen. There are a variety of reasons teens resort to committing suicide. Many people are workingRead MoreEssay On Teen Suicide1235 Words   |  5 Pages† offer little comfort, and even less hope to those considering suicide. Amongst U.S teens, suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death more so than cancer, AIDS, chronic drug use, and heart disease combined. Common risk factors are bullying in school, history of sexual abuse, alcohol, and drug addiction, along with a history of mental illness in the family. There is also a direct correlation between socioeconomic status and su icide in urban, and remote areas. Factors such as social deprivation,

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Analysis Of The American Dream - 1063 Words

What is the American Dream? Is it home ownership, gaining fame or wealth, having a great family or is it gaining a peace of mind? Many people have different versions of what the American Dream is, some people believe the dream is lost, and some people are right in the middle and still believe the American Dream is still alive. â€Å"The American Dream† by Brandon King debates about what the true state is left in the American Dream now. Throughout the essay, King asks if the American Dream is dead, alive, on hold or just changing due to economic hardship. King believes that the American Dream is still alive even though there are people who believe its not, and is defined today as the ability to work hard, plan for the forthcoming and have a†¦show more content†¦However, the American Dream is now a more modest version of itself than what it was before. People would rather live in a 3 bedroom home than a lavish gigantic home because gaining financial care and security fo r the forthcoming is more critical. King indicates that the Great Recession had brought many obstacles in the United States, but people are working to rise out of the Great Recession by changing their way of life. Indicating that the American Dream is still alive, but it is now all about working harder to prepare for the future and have a secure life. King goes on, stating that achieving the American Dream is the key to conquering inequality between the different social classes in the world. He believes that the differences in social class is they key to bringing our country together. In the essay, it pointed out economists and politicians point of view. They believe that the American Dream is dead because of the difference in social classes and because of that the economy cannot flourish and thus will remain fragile. They state that the economy focuses more on the small wealthy minority than the middle and lower classes. The huge income gap between the social classes is one of the reasons the economists and politicians believe that the American Dream is dead because they think the middle and lower classes can’t possibly move up in the economy and thus cant complete their American Dream. King arguments oppose this. He states that â€Å"[t]he American Dream,Show MoreRelatedThe American Dream Analysis1366 Words   |  6 PagesThe American Dream was developed by James Truslow Adams in 1931, and he stated, â€Å"the American Dream is that dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability and achievement.† This concept is flawed in today’s standards as Adam’s â€Å"better and richer and fuller† life, is more focused on being successful and accepted, rather than being happy. Therefore, Adam’s â€Å"American Dream† needs to be revised to imply that success doesn’tRead MoreThe American Dream Analysis827 Words   |  4 PagesThe American Dream is another controversial element of American life whose validity was well-debated by writers of the era. This was an ideal that many immigrants from the Old World strived to achieve, hoping that their penniless fortunes would quickly change for the better. One author, William Bryant Cullen, emphasized how America is a refuge for â€Å"Ear th’s trodden down and opprest† peoples, including the â€Å"hunted head† and the â€Å"starved laborer.† This phrase from the patriotic poem indicates that theRead MoreAmerican Dream Analysis995 Words   |  4 Pagesrealize that each character has their own dreams and aspirations for life. These dreams are used to resemble Steinbecks opinions about the American dream. Therefore, Steinbeck proves that the American dream is unrealistic and unable to be achieved; this is proved through the dreams of Lennie, George, and Crooks. Steinbeck believes that the American dream is unrealistic and unable to be achieved. Lennie dreams of tending rabbits on a farm with George. Lennie’s dream is never achieved due to his tragicRead MoreThe American Dream Analysis1162 Words   |  5 Pagesblack women in his writing? Why? What is The American Dream? What is the Dream Coates talks about? What is the difference? This should be three paragraphs long. (He goes further into it on page 146) * The American Dream is the ideal that anyone can be successful if they work hard enough. This insinuates that America is the land of equal opportunity where any individual can pursue happiness and prosperity through hard work and dedication. This â€Å"Dream† is found in the Declaration of IndependenceRead MoreThe American Dream Case Analysis1355 Words   |  6 Pages American Dream Case Analysis At 1981, The George A. Hormel Meatpacking Company cut wages from $10.69 to $8.25 to claim the need to remain competitive. Companies threat workers that they either close one plant and then open it at lower wage places or exit the business directly. Local unions like P-9 firstly request that all the workers should stick to $10.69 an hour in ten or fifteen years that we could call its target point. The company didn’t agree, they asserted new member workers the companyRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem The American Dream 1071 Words   |  5 PagesThe American dream to me is a secure way of life for the future. Having a steady job, no struggles and financial securities. Living life to the absolute fullest while being successful by doing what you love. So my idea is supported by connecting to Sam Walton and Jay –Z profiles/interviews. The interview says no matter how hard you had it growing up, you can still conquer anything if you work hard enough and put your mind to it. T his is the same as the visual image of the homeless person in theRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie The American Dream 754 Words   |  4 Pages Nyreel Powell Ms. Jones American Literature 1 June 2015 The American dream in A Raisin in the Sun Have you ever had a dream and it didn’t come how you wanted it to be? Have you ever had accomplishments that you wanted to achieve but people were getting in the way of them? The four main characters in this book all have good dreams but there are people in the way of getting to those dreams or their dream is too high to accomplish. A Raisin in the Sun a play written by Lorraine Hansberry, andRead MoreAnalysis Of Urban And The American Dream Essay1295 Words   |  6 Pagesemerged in the mid-twentieth century. There are many influential films that have emerged from this genre such as City of God (2002) and Straight Outta Compton (2015). Urban/hood films generally surround young men, that are typically Black/African-American (but other racial groups can be present as well) who live in the impoverished areas of cities. The characters of these movies are often trying to find a way to better the standards of their lives (and may compromise their moral beliefs to accomplishRead MoreLevitt American Dream Analysis726 Words   |  3 Pages The Levitts have a simple version of the American Dream during the 1950s. Each son had a specific American Dream they were trying to achieve. For Alfred, the American Dream was to be married and to make other people happy. He does this by making the communities have a perfect design with green grass. William Levitts viewpoint on the American Dream is different from Alfred. William wanted to make money and live a life of which he is â€Å"on top of the world.† A quote which shows this states â€Å"In hisRead MoreMarxist Analysis of the American Dream990 Words   |  4 Pagesare relishing in The American Dream While capitalism promotes the belief that this dream is achievable, it is more often than not, a literal dream, and leaves its pursuers poor, and weak. This keeps the working class powerless, and pacified to propagate capitalistic values. Clean cut examples of this are cases in such societies where people do not have the chance to advance but have the chance to succeed. A strange position that seems to contradict a culture thats Dream is to be powerful and

The Theories And Models Of Behavior And Behavior Change

Mirror published a story about a father and husband who totally spied members of his family. [1] He installed an application on their mobile devices which allowed him to control their location, to read their emails, text messages. This application allows him even to listen to their conversations and to see who they are with via camera. While this story makes an impression as being fabricated, it could serve as a basis to deliberate about aspects of human nature. Though the husband’s misdeed is at least controversial from legal and ethical point of view, nevertheless the causative effects of his behaviour is a matter of concern in this paper. I will talk about the human behaviour first, about how it is perceived from a scientific†¦show more content†¦We can find out, that he is a web developer and a technology geek. We can also find that his wife knew about the application and that she witnessed couple of times when the application was used. We cannot specify neither g enetic factors or core faith. We can assume that the story is about typical British family and in this way, we can assume the British culture and social norms are the background of the story. We know very little about real husband’s attitude. He confessed that safety was his concern. But we don’t know whether he is honest and whether this is the whole truth. Therefore, I think that it doesn’t make sense to try and analyse the story in depth, because the story is rather shallow. However, basing on the story we can explore some what-if scenarios, like what if the wife didn’t know about the application, what if the husband lied and his intentions was not so harmless as he explained. The interesting part of the story is that it touches the problem which appeared quite recently. If we take into account permanent character of husband’s espionage, and if we make an assumption that it was done without explicit consent of his wife and his children, then th is story illustrates a problem which has become quite prevalent lately – a stalking. I’m going to explore this problem in more detail and I will try to find its relevance to the story mentioned above. I will also try to identify causativeShow MoreRelatedBehavior Change Theories and Models943 Words   |  4 Pagesimperative to fully understand how behavior can change in an instant. Health education depends on using the proper theories and models. This paper will address the theories and models used in health education, the importance of the theories, as well as real world examples and information from models used in health education. To understand why it is important to use theories, one must first understand the difference between theories and models. While theories are a set of interrelated concepts andRead MoreThe Theory Of Reasoned Action1529 Words   |  7 PagesFollowing this, (2) The Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) was developed by both Martin Fishbein and Icek Ajzen, and it is one of the three classic persuasion models of psychology, and is also used in communication discourse as a theory of understanding persuasive messages. It explains the relationship between attitudes and behaviors with human action. This theory is also used to predict how people will behave based on his/hers pre-existing attitudes and behavioral intentions. The decision to engageRead MoreCase Study : Learning Models With Behavioral And Life Experience Patterns That Disturb Them And Change With Time1363 Words   |  6 PagesMaura’s Case: Learning Models Introduction Various learning models that can be applied in medical psychology and therapy exist. In the recent past, the learning models have been researched and their use in human medicine improved. The most basic form is associative learning where new association with events in the environment is made. The majority of the learning models or theories that exist borrow from Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov in the early twentieth century. Pavlov used dogs in his researchRead MoreBehavior Matrix1397 Words   |  6 PagesRunning head: Understanding Behavior Theoretical Models for Understanding Behavior Matrix Tara Brigle Grand Canyon University: Classroom Management for Students with Special Needs March 6, 2012 Comparing, Contrasting, Identifying, and Listing Major Components of the Theories |Biological Model |Very important in the medical profession | | Read MoreThe Model Of Behavior Change931 Words   |  4 PagesTranstheoretical Model of behavior change and its application in healthcare settings, and discuss the strength and weakness of the Model. Number of theories and analytical models were described that helps us to understand how people modify their behavior but no one of them accepted universally. The Transtheoretical model (TTM) of change which is also known as the the stages of change model, first described by Prochaska and associates (1983) is widely used theory to explain the behavior change. Unlike otherRead MoreProfessional Application Of The Behavior Modification Model1303 Words   |  6 Pagesprofessional application of the behavior modification model. The theoretical basis for this model is behavioral theory. This model emphasizes the client system, but will shift focus to the mezzo system when needed. The process of behavior modification is outlined in detail in this paper. To end the paper, there will be articles that support this model and prove its effectiveness with individuals. Keywords: behavioral theory, behavior modification, individuals Behavior Modification TheoreticalRead MoreHealth Promotion Model And Mid Range Theory Essay1483 Words   |  6 PagesTheories in the Nursing Field The nursing field comprises different theories that are used to govern nursing practice through offering different perspectives and views of phenomena. A theory can be defined as the development of a link between concepts that create a certain view of a phenomenon (Jackson, n.d.). The theories in the nursing field focus on issues that are relevant to enhancing patient care, overall nursing practice, and nursing education. Moreover, these theories are used to defineRead MoreEssay on Transtheoretical Model and Chronic Stress Management1537 Words   |  7 PagesThe behavior I would like to change is the management of chronic stress. Chronic stress is a precursor for most health problems in today’s society. If we look at the start of most health problems, we can likely trace it back to chronic stress. Chronic stress releases levels of cortisol higher than normal. Cortisol is a hormone released from someone with chronic stress, which can which can negatively affect the bodyà ¢â‚¬â„¢s ability to function. Getting sick is another negative factor of being overlyRead MoreThe Model And Stages Of Change Model1264 Words   |  6 PagesThe Transtheoretical Model/Stages of Change Leticia R. Leaks Nebraska Methodist College Abstract This is a review of the Transtheoretical Model/Stages of Change Model developed by J. O. Prochaska and C.C. DiClemente to assess an individual’s readiness to change a behavior. In this paper, we will discuss the history of the theory and its constructs. We will also examine a diabetes study and the impact of TTM in conjunction with Social Cognitive and the Theory of Reasoned Action as applied urbanRead MoreBandura s Theory Of Self Efficacy And Skinners Theory975 Words   |  4 PagesDiscussion of Adult Learning Theory The two theories that will be discussed in this paper are Bandura’s theory of self-efficacy and Skinners theory of operant conditioning. An overview of both theories will be analyzed. Then, both theories will be compared and contrasted. Finally, professional application of these theories will be discussed. Bandura’s Theory Bandura’s social cognitive theory hightlights the role of observational learning, social experience, and reciprocal determinism on learning

Business Management Qantas Airways Limited

Question: Discuss about theBusiness Managementfor Qantas Airways Limited. Answer: Introduction The following assignment presents the concept on industrial conflict considering the selected organization Qantas Airways Limited. Conflict is a situation of disagreements in the beliefs and actions among two or more individuals or within the group members of the organization. Accordingly, industrial conflict arises between the employees and management of the organization with respect to the employment relationship considering the different aspects (Todd 2015). The assignment covers the application of relevant models and theories for the purpose of industrial conflict at Qantas among the organizational management employees. It highlights the organizational background by considering the issues on salaries, leadership and teamwork between the employees and management. Additionally, the issues on conflict management have been discussed by applying Lewin theory and Stage theory. Discussion Qantas Airways Limited is one of the largest airlines by the size of fleet as well as the third oldest organization in the airline sector across the world. Having its headquarters at Mascot, Australia with the fleet size of around 118 and revenues amounted to $15.8 billion in the recent financial year. The organization reported its operating income amounted to $975 million while the total assets amounted to $17.5 billion and the number of employees around 28,622 in the current year. However it was noted that the organization experienced an industrial dispute during the year 2011 between the company and number of trade unions which was commenced at the end of the year 2010. The issue was raised for the agreements of enterprise with the intention of launching its diversified airline in the region of Asia (Qantas.com 2016). Industrial conflict is a phrase that explains the expressions of disagreement among the employee- management relationship considering the contract or agreements of the employment. Conflict or disagreements at industrial level can be categorized into two classes known as informal and formal. Informal conflict on industry is said to be directly related in the context of employee grievance in an expressive manner that relates to negligence, absenteeism, frequent change of job and such other actions (Roche 2015). On the contrary, formal conflict happens through trade- union or through any employee representative in a strategic manner that results in strike and lockouts. However, Mac Ginty and Firchow (2016) argued that the conflict circumstances generate a form of competition among the employees and management within the organization assist in improving the overall performance standard of the organization. Whereas, Jess, Woodall and McFarlane (2015) stated that the negative impact of ind ustrial conflict situation forms troubled situation in the internal organization which affects the growth and sustainability. As mentioned, Qantas one of the largest airline organizations faced several consequences of industrial conflict during the year 2011. It resulted in employers lockout, intervention of ministry as well as orders from Australian Fair Works. Such industrial conflicts resulted in suspension of operations of the aircraft that were ready to take off and even the continued flights were made stop to the next destination. It was observed that the conflict affected around 68,000 to 80,000 clients on the very first day due to the cancellation of 600 flights including the cost of airlines exceeding $20 million for each day. Further, Australian Fair Works contended that the actions on industrial dispute between the management and trade union should be terminated with regard to the damage in the tourism and other sectors (Qantas.com 2016). For better understanding and resolving the conflicts at industrial level a theory by Lewin has been developed based on 3- stage model. First stage of the theory in the change of management is known as Unfreeze that involves the acceptance of necessary changes. This stage incorporates a breakdown of existing status in the conflict before the creation of new and developed ways to operate the business activities. In order to form a successful organization, the management is required to challenge the existing business beliefs, values and actions (Dyer and Song 2015). In case of industrial conflict at Qatar, the existing disagreements between trade unions and management required to be analyzed and challenged to make the necessary changes for the betterment of both the organization and employees. In the first of the procedure of change, existing activities are difficult to mould therefore, the management of Qantas was should apply the process of unfreeze by re- examining its employment pol icies for the benefit of the organization as well as the workers. Next stage of the theory is Change where individuals or disputing parties start resolving the existing uncertainties by taking and considering new means in the activities. It involves the formation of new direction and participation of members in the process of change (Lehr, Akkerman and Torenvlied 2015). It is essential to understand the benefit of change for employees and company by involving the communication and exchange of necessary information. Considering the conflict at Qantas, it can be said that the trade union members and management should engage in the process of communication and discussion about the changes in the employment policy. The third stage of the theory known as Refreeze which involves formation of change and new working ways among the conflicting parties. It creates stabilization and consistency in the employment relationship that are to be incorporated in the business activities. Accordingly, the conflicts on lockouts or strikes at Qantas should be resolved by way of communication between laborers and management (Cox 2015). Thomas Kilmanns model is developed to analyze and manage the industrial conflict through different stages over the time. The theory has been based on certain assumptions where each stage places formation for the next one and all the individuals go through those stages in the similar way. There are five ways to manage the conflicts between management and employees in the industry by following different approach i.e. collaborative, compromising, accommodating, competing and avoiding approach. Collaborative approach requires to consider the ideas and opinions of all employees at the same situation and time giving the equivalent importance to each workers by the management (Leon-Perez et al. 2015). Compromising approach is a stage where a decision on conflict matter is partially acceptable which requires some compromise in the interests of employees. On the contrary, accommodation approach requires primary focus on resolving the conflicting situation even when the management fails to sol ve the conflict in a regular manner. Competing approach of organizational conflict management sticks to a specific decision to resolve the issues that requires the use of knowledge on the business actions on part of the management. The last stage of the model known as avoiding approach, which involves organizational management denies to consider any specific decision in solving the conflict issues. It was argued by Montada (2015) that the avoiding approaches to manage industrial conflict is very critical and effective at the specific time while the quality of result not significant. In order to resolve the industrial conflict at Qantas, the management could consider the approaches developed by Thomas Kilmann. Analyzing the conflict of the company during 2011, three primary approaches of the model can be applied to resolve the Qantas issue. These are collaborative approach, competitive approach and compromising approach. As the issue was among trade unions and organizational management that resulted in lockouts and strikes, the appropriate approach would be compromising approach. The organizational management developed the employment policies in order to perform the business activities in a systematic manner. However, due to the stringent policies employees lost their interest in performing the business activities which created the friction. Hence, compromising approach could be used to by the organization to avoid the misunderstanding and compromising the interests of both the employees and management (Ellegaard and Andersen 2015). It would assist in satisfying the interest of both the disputing parties either partially or completely as well as by implementing the new policies. The critical situation in the organization occurred during the declaration of lockouts and disruption of aircrafts from operation. Hence, to manage this conflict among the organizational management and employees the organization can implement competitive approach since it involves the execution of decision by any means. Additionally, organization can use the collaborative approach that helps in appropriate solution of the industrial conflict in various aspects that allow both the parties to state their views (Perdue 2015). Conclusion Considering the above discussion it can be concluded that industrial conflict occurs in the organization when there are disagreements in actions and thoughts between the individuals or groups. The assignment covered the industrial conflict at Qantas which occurred during the year 2011 between trade unions and organizational management affecting the overall business performance. Further, it has been noticed that the industrial conflict at Qantas affected the performance standard as well as resulted in huge loss from operation during the period. Accordingly, the study covered different theories and models to present the understanding of conflict management that are Lewin theory and Thomas Kilmann model. Identification of the conflict situation at Qantas and appropriate ways to resolve the situations has been made by applying the concept of selected theories. Evaluating the level and nature of conflicts and friction in the organization compromising, collaborative and competitive approac h could be used to resolve the issues. Reference List Cox, A., 2015. The pressure of wildcat strikes on the transformation of industrial relations in a developing country: The case of the garment and textile industry in Vietnam.Journal of Industrial Relations,57(2), pp.271-290. Dyer, B. and Song, X.M., 2015. The relationship between strategy and conflict management: A Japanese perspective. InProceedings of the 1995 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference(pp. 126-132). Springer International Publishing. Ellegaard, C. and Andersen, P.H., 2015. The process of resolving severe conflict in buyersupplier relationships.Scandinavian Journal of Management,31(4), pp.457-470. Jess, T., Woodall, P. and McFarlane, D., 2015, July. Overcoming limited dataset availability when working with industrial organisations. In2015 IEEE 13th International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN)(pp. 826-831). IEEE. Lehr, A., Akkerman, A. and Torenvlied, R., 2015. Spillover and conflict in collective bargaining: evidence from a survey of Dutch union and firm negotiators.Work, Employment Society,29(4), pp.641-660. Leon-Perez, J.M., Medina, F.J., Arenas, A. and Munduate, L., 2015. The relationship between interpersonal conflict and workplace bullying.Journal of Managerial Psychology,30(3), pp.250-263. Mac Ginty, R. and Firchow, P., 2016. Top-down and bottom-up narratives of peace and conflict.Politics, p.0263395715622967. Montada, L., 2015. Justice, conflicts, and the justice of conflict resolution.Distributive and procedural justice, p.255. Perdue, B.C., 2015. A Model of Industrial Buyer-Seller Negotiations. InProceedings of the 1985 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference(pp. 252-255). Springer International Publishing. Qantas.com. 2016. Flights to Australia | Australia travel | Qantas. [online] Available at: https://www.qantas.com/travel/airlines/home/in/en [Accessed 23 Oct. 2016]. Roche, W.K., 2015. The emergence of a dual system of dispute resolution: private facilitators in Irish industrial relations.Industrial Relations Journal,46(4), pp.293-311. Todd, P., 2015. Introduction: Australian industrial relations in 2014.Journal of Industrial Relations,57(3), pp.325-332.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Hope is the thing with Feathers Essay Example For Students

Hope is the thing with Feathers Essay In this poem the author tries to compare hope with a bird that exist everywhere; and she explains why hope is a thing with feather. By using symbolic pictures the author creates an excellent picture of hope. She mentions that nobody can stop hope from accompanying a person; even though it is so small and so weak . At the end of the poem the author emphasizes that hope comes with you wherever you go, yet it asks nothing from you. Dickinson compares hope with feather, because feathers are symbols of flying. Just like a bird hope flies in peoples mind. It enables a person to go wherever he/she cannot. For example, if you want to go somewhere and you do not afford going there, you can hope and think of being in that place. So, hope makes impossible things possible. Similar to a bird, hope has perches to sit on. Hope perches on our souls because souls are the homes for hope. The author explains that by saying, That perches in the soul. It rests in our souls the way a bird rests on its perch. In the next line the author makes a very good point by saying, And sings the tune without the words, If someone hopes day and night and there is a person next to him/her, the person will never know what the other person is hoping for. So, hope has no voice but it still sings like a bird. In fact, hope never stops from singing because no one is able to stop a person from thinking and hoping. I the next stanza, Dickinson says, And sweetest in the gale is heard; Here she means that people hope and think more if they are at their hardest time of their life; just like a bird who flies all over when there is a storm, hope comes in peoples mind when there in trouble. In the next line Dickinson explains that it is not easy to kill or abash hope because no one is able to stop a person from hoping. No matter where you are, hope still exists in your mind. As Dickinson says, Ive heard it in the chilliest land, and on the strangest sea; In this sentence there is an obvious similarity between birds and hope. Just like a bird hope exists everywhere. People can hope and thing even though they are on the farthest spot on the earth. In fact, hope is in its strongest form when people are away from their families and home. In the last two lines the author informs us that the bird of hope asks for no favor or price in return for its sweet songs. In conclusion, the author made a very good choice by comparing hope with a bird because both have so many things in common. Both exist everywhere, both can fly, and both ask for no favor or price in return for their sweet songs.